How Named Chhattisgarh
chhattis means "36", and garh means "fort"). They are : 1- Ratanpur, 2- Vijaypur, 3- Kharound, 4- Maro, 5- Kautgarh, 6- Nawagarh, 7- Sondhi, 8- Aukhar, 9- Padarbhatta, 10- Semriya, 11- Champa, 12- Lafa, 13- Chhuri, 14- Kenda, 15- Matin, 16- Aparora, 17- Pendra, 18- Kurkuti-kandri, 19- Raipur, 20- Patan, 21- Simaga, 22- Singarpur, 23- Lavan, 24- Omera, 25- Durg, 26- Saradha, 27- Sirasa, 28- Menhadi, 29- Khallari, 30- Sirpur, 31- Figeswar, 32- Rajim, 33- Singhangarh, 34- Suvarmar, 35- Tenganagarh and 36- Akaltara.
Surrounding Chhattisgarh :
Chhattisgarh borders Madhya Pradesh on the northwest, Maharashtra on the west, Andhra Pradesh on the south, Orissa on the east, Jharkhand on the northeast and Uttar Pradesh on the north.
The Chhattisgarhi language, a dialect of eastern Hindi, is a predominant language in the state, recognized along with Hindi as the official language of the state. Many tribal and some Dravidian influenced dialects or languages are spoken in various parts of Chhattisgarh.
Industries and Economy
Chhattisgarh is primarily a rural state with only 20% of population residing in urban areas. Chhattisgarh's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at 12 billion USD in current prices. After partition, this mineral-rich state produces 30% of the output of the old Madhya Pradesh state.
The state's economy is further fuelled by the presence of
Bhilai Steel Plant, SEC Railway Zone,
BALCO Aluminium Plant (Korba), and
National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) at Korba and Sipat (Bilaspur), and South Eastern Coalfields Limited (SECL).
Hira Group Of Industries
Bhilai Steel Plant (SAIL)
Jindal Power Limited
Bharat Aluminium Co. Ltd
Korba & Bilaspur are the power hubs of the state, from where the electricity is supplied to several other Indian states. Chhattisgarh's southern area contains iron ore which NMDC is mining to meet iron demand in India as well as export. NMDC is located in Dantewara district. Recently ESSAR has started transporting iron ore through pipe lines to Vizag. Recently, three new power plant were proposed in Bhaiyathan and Premnagar of Surajpur District. Many private companies individually and together with with the CG government have signed a memorandum for the power plants.
The state has also launched an ambitious plan to become biofuel self-sufficient by 2015 by planting crops of jatropha.