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Know about human rights commission



How are human rights defined in the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 ?

In
terms of Section 2 of the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 (hereafter
referred to as 'the Act'), "human rights" means the rights relating to life,
liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed under the
Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by
courts in India. "International Covenants" means the International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social
and Cultural Rights adopted by the General Assembly of the United nations on the
16th December, 1966 .

 

What
functions have been assigned to the Commission under the Act ?

The
Commission shall, perform all or any of the following functions, namely:-

a) Inquire,
on its own initiative or on a petition presented to it by a victim or any person
on his behalf, into complaint of-

i )
violation of human rights or abetment or

ii)
negligence in the prevention of such violation, by a public servant;

b) intervene
in any proceeding involving any allegation of violation of human rights pending
before a court with the approval of such court;

c) visit,
under intimation to the State Government, any jail or any other institution
under the control of the State Government, where persons are detained or lodged
for purposes of treatment, reformation or protection to study the living
condition of the inmates and make recommendations thereon ;

d) review
the safeguards by or under the Constitution or any law for the time being in
force for the protection of human rights and recommend measures for their
effective implementation;

e) review
the factors, including acts of terrorism that inhibit the enjoyment of human
rights and recommend appropriate remedial measures;

f) study
treaties and other international instruments on human rights and make
recommendations for their effective implementation;

g) undertake
and promote research in the field of human rights;

h) spread
human rights literacy among various sections of society and promote awareness of
the safeguards available for the protection of these rights through
publications, the media, seminars and other available means;

i) encourage
the efforts of non - Governmental organizations and institutions working in the
field of human rights;

j) such
other functions as it may consider necessary for the promotion of human rights.

What
powers have been vested with the Commission relating to inquiries?

While
inquiring into complaints under the Act, the Commission shall have all the
powers of a civil court trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908,
and in particular the following, namely;

a) Summoning
and enforcing the attendance of witnesses and examining them on oath;

 b) discovery and production of any
document;

c) receiving
evidence on affidavits;

d)
requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court or office;

e) issuing
commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents;

f) any other
matter which may be prescribed.

 

What are
the kinds of issues on which complaints have been received ?

Since its
inception, the Commission has handled a variety of types of complaints. In the
latest period, the

major types
of complaints have been:

In respect
of police administration

Failure in
taking action

Unlawful
detention

False
implication

Custodial
violence

llIegal
arrest

Other police
excesses

Custodial
deaths

Encounter
deaths

Harassment
of prisoners; jail conditions

Atrocities
on SCs and STs

Bonded
labour, child labour

Child
marriage

Communal
violence

Dowry death
or its attempt; dowry demand

Abduction,
rape and murder

Sexual
harassment and indignity to women, exploitation of women

Numerous
other complaints which cannot be categorized, have also been taken up.


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